1. b /Unit I d /Unit III d /Unit IV d /Unit V e /Unit VI



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Multiple Choice Answers

1. B /Unit I

2. D /Unit III

3. D /Unit IV

4. D /Unit V

5. E /Unit VI

6. E/Unit VII

7. B /Unit VIII

8. C /Unit IX

9. B /Unit II

10. A /Unit III

11. C /Unit IV

12. A /Unit V

13. B /Unit VI

14. D /Unit VII

15. E /Unit VIII

16. D /Unit X

17. E /Unit II

18. A /Unit III

19. D /Unit IV

20. E /Unit V

21. C /Unit VI

22. D /Unit VII

23. B /Unit VIII

24. D /Unit IX

25. A /Unit I

26. C /Unit III

27. E /Unit IV

28. A/Unit V

29. D /Unite VI

30. C /Unit VII

31. C/Unit VIII

32. A/Unit IX

33. D /Unit II

34. B /Unit III

35. A /Unit IV

36. B /Unit V

37. E /Unit VI

38. E /Unit VII

39. D /Unit VIII

40. A /Unit IX

41. D /Unit II

42. E /Unit III

43. D /Unit IV

44. D /Unit V

45. A /Unit VI

46. C /Unit VII

47. D /Unit VIII

48. B /Unit X

49. D /Unit II

50. D /Unit III

51. C /Unit IV

52. E /Unit V

53. B /Unit VI

54. B /Unit VII

55. C /Unit VIII

56. D /Unit IX

57. D /Unit II

58. D /Unit III

59. C /Unit IV

60. A /Unit V

61. E /Unit VI

62. D /Unit VII

63. A /Unit VIII

64. D /Unit IX

65. B /Unit I

66. E /Unit III

67. D /Unit IV

68. D /Unit V

69. C /Unit VI

70. A /Unit VII

71. D /Unit VIII

72. E /Unit X

73. B /Unit II

74. D /Unit III

75. D /Unit IV

76. A /Unit V

77. C /Unit VI

78. D /Unit VII

79. D /Unit VIII

80. B /Unit IX

DBQ Outline


1. Civil Rights/Legislation

  • Before the Civil Rights Movement of the late 1960’s began, small concessions to the African-American freedom/equality cause had been made (Document C, Desegregation of Armed Forces)

  • New legislation to better the lives and experiences of blacks in the United States was written and enacted, due in part to 1) the assassination of JFK and a desire to continue his pro-desegregationist views and 2) to the marches and protests of Civil Rights leaders like MLK, Malcolm X, Rosa Parks, etc. who fought for the freedom of blacks (Documents B - Brown v. Board ruling, D - Voting Rights Act, and E - Civil Rights Act)

2. Civil Rights/Society



  • Blacks were organizing rallies, marches, and protests to try to bring attention to their plight. At these protests, however, the hatred and bigotry of many whites (especially Southern whites) was displayed, and many people ended up receiving injuries or being jailed (Document G - fire hoses used against protesters in Birmingham)

  • Even after the passing of the Civil Rights Act and the Voting Act, most whites still didn’t want to desegregate, and government and military intervention became necessary to enforce the laws that had been passed to ensure equality for African-Americans (Documents A - Desegregation of Central High School and F - 101st Airborne and Little Rock 9)

  • There were some white leaders who agreed with the blacks’ fight for freedom and equality and supported their cause. They didn’t, however, agree with the methods employed to help reach the goals of the Civil Rights Movement’s leaders, even though such methods were peaceful and nonviolent (Document H - article from Birmingham News)

Main Points



  • Small concessions were made to bring some justice to blacks

  • Civil Rights Movement angered and frightened some people who resisted desegregation and black equality and showed it ostentatiously

  • Movement gained support from leaders who agreed with the cause but not necessarily the methods

  • Efforts of blacks and assassination of sympathetic JFK led to passing of Civil Rights Act and Voting Rights Act despite fervent opposition

Bibliography

"AP US History Exam Preparation Assignment." WikiFreccia. 2008. 16 Apr. 2008



.

Google Answers: New York Times article, 1963 from white clergymen in Birmingham, Alabama, to MLK.” Google Answers. < http://local.google.com/answers/threadview?id=431324>.

“http://i165.photobucket.com/albums/u51/vkr_bibin/Life/Birmingham-3.jpg.” Photobucket. 17 April, 2008. < http://i165.photobucket.com/albums/u51/vkr_bibin/Life/Birmingham-3.jpg>.


“Image:101st Airborne at Little Rock Central High.jpg.” Wikipedia. 17 April, 2008. .

Our Documents – Transcript of Executive Order 10730: Desegregation of Central High School (1957).” Our Documents. 14 April, 2008. <http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?flash=true&doc=89&page=transcript>.




Our Documents – Transcript of Brown v. Board of Education (1954).” Our Documents. 14 April, 2008. <http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?doc=87&page=transcript>.

“Our Documents – Transcript of Executive Order 9981: Desegregation of the Armed Forces (1948).” Our Documents. 14 April, 2008. .



Our Documents – Transcript of Voting Rights Act (1965).” Our Documents. 14 April, 2008. <http://www.ourdocuments.gov/doc.php?doc=100&page=transcript>.

“Our Documents – Transcript of Civil Rights Act (1964).” Our Documents. 17 April, 2008. .



Outline Unit VII – Question 1(Part C)

  1. Economics


  1. Secretary of Treasury Andrew Mellon’s tax policies favored rapid expansion of capital investment

  2. New oil fields

  3. Assembly line production

  4. Providing electric power, especially for cars (30 million cars by 1930)

  5. Advertising = people want more more more, bigger and better things

  1. Bruce Barton

  1. Sports = $

  1. George H. (“Babe”) Ruth, fans bought so many tickets that Yankee Stadium became known at “the house that Ruth built”

  2. Jack Dempsey knocks out French heavyweight Georges Carpentier

  1. Buying on credit

  1. Allows people to buy radios, cars, refrigerators, vacuum cleaners

  2. Accumulate debt

  1. Arts and Entertainment

  1. Prohibition = Organized crime/gangsterism, underground speakeasies, flapper culture (sexual frankness)

  2. Movies

  1. 5 cent theaters “nickelodeons”

  2. The Great Train Robbery shown in 5 cent theaters

  3. The Birth of a Nation first full length, glorified the KKK of Reconstruction days and defamed blacks and northern carpetbaggers

  4. Hollywood is the movie capital of the world

  5. Some movies outraged the public and censorship was born

  6. Used as anti-German propaganda

  7. The Jazz Singer first talkie

  8. Rich movie stars are born, known better than politicians

  1. Cars for joyrides and status symbol

  2. Aviation, Charles Lindbergh

  3. Radio

  1. Guglielmo Marconi invented wireless telegraphy

  2. Radio stations, long-distance broadcasting

  1. Jazz music

  1. Black migration to the cities,

  2. W.C. Handy, Louis Armstrong

  3. Racial pride

  1. Writers

1. F. Scott Fitzgerald, Ernest Hemingway, William Faulkner, Ezra Pound, Eugene O’Neill, Sherwood Anderson, T. S. Eliot, Langston Hughes, each with their respected books.


Outline Unit IX – Question 2(Part C)

  1. The Truman Doctrine


  1. asked for $400 million to protect Greece and Turkey from communism

  2. “it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures”

  3. resist communist aggression

  4. called a holy global war against godless communism

  5. lead to the Marshall Plan which gave money to recovering countries so the communists parties would not grow

  6. by recognizing Israel, Arab nations turned anti American

  7. NATO and the Warsaw Pact

II. Japan and China

  1. General MacArthur writes a constitution for Japan that denounced militarism and introduced Western-style democracy, overall a success

  2. United States half-heartedly supported the Nationalist government of Generalissimo Jiang Jieshi in his struggle with communists under Mao Zedong

  1. corruption flooded his regime and began to corrode the confidence of his people

  2. Jiang fled to the island of Formosa (Taiwan).

  3. 1/4th world’s population is communist

  1. USSR exploded atomic bomb and prompted Truman to order the development of the “H-bomb”

  2. Nixon plays off of China and USSR tensions to lessen the tensions between these countries and the US.

III. Korea

  1. After the war Japan and the United States set up opposing governments north and south of the 38th parallel (were the two forces were fighting, when Japan fell in 1945)

  2. North Korea attacks South Korea with Soviet tanks on June 25, 1950

  3. Allowed for the US to build up its military (National Security Council Memorandum Number 68)

  4. General MacArthur attacks and pushes into North Korea, but then the Chinese attack back, General MacArthur wants to bombard Chinese bases in Manchuria

  5. Truman does not let him attack, but he does anyway and MacArthur is fired for insubordination

  6. Korea remains divided around the 38th parallel

III Vietnam

  1. Ho Chi Minh becomes increasingly communist, and the French forces crumble under Viet Minh guerrilla pressure

  2. Fortress of Dienbienphu fell to the communists, and a multination conference at Geneva halved Vietnam at the 17th parallel (1954). Ho Chi Minh guaranteed elections within two years

  3. Eisenhower promised economic and military aid to Ngo Dinh Diem’s pro-Western government of the south until he made certain social reforms

  4. The Kennedy administration encouraged a coup against Diem in November 1963, and made dangerously deep commitments (15,000 men by the time of his death)

  5. Viet Cong attacks

  6. “Operation Rolling Thunder”: bombing against North Vietnam, 184,000 troops

  7. by the distractions in Vietnam, the USSR was able to expand its influence on the middle east

  8. huge antiwar demonstrations, draft (many fled to Canada to resist being drafted)

  9. Senator William Fulbright’s Committee on Foreign Relations showed public hearing on television about the war

  10. The Tet Offensive defeat

  11. Nixon’s “Vietnamization” withdraw the 540, 000 US troops over an extended period of time, and turn the war over the South Vietnam with some training = Nixon Doctrine

  12. 56,000 dead, over 300,000 wounded, 3rd most costly foreign war in US history

  13. disgust with massacre at My Lai made public in 1970

  14. 1970 Nixon ordered US troops to clean out enemy sanctuaries on neutral Cambodia

  15. cease-fire in 1973, North Vietnam gets to keep 145,000 troops in South Vietnam = shaky peace

  16. North Vietnam attacks in 1975 and US evacuate remaining troops and 140,000 South Vietnamese.

IV. Iran

  1. Iran begins to resist the Western companies that controlled Iranian petroleum

  1. CIA engineered a coup and installed Mohammed Reza Pahlevi as a dictator

  2. Secures oil for the West, but left a bitter legacy of resentment among many Iranians = what we have in Iran now

  1. OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) includes Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Iraq, Iran, and Venezuela

  1. Laos

  1. freed from the French in 1954, but in a civil war

  2. Kennedy’s military advisors thought about sending in troops but found that they had insufficient forces to put out the fire

  3. Geneva Conference imposed a shaky peace on Laos in 1962


Outline Answer Unit II – Question 2

  1. Legislative Assemblies


  1. Town halls of New England area

1. Direct Democracy

  1. House of Burgesses of Virginia

  1. representation

  1. First Families of Virginia

  2. Appointed governors, and Upper house of a legislative body

E. Religious, age, gender and status qualifications to vote

  1. Commerce

  1. Industries: Tobacco, Wheat, Lumber, Fish, Flour, Other Grains

  2. Land speculation

  3. Triangle Trade

  1. seamen sell food and forest products to sugar islands in exchange for gold wine and oranges which were sold in Europe for industrial goods = huge profit back in the colonies

  2. sell rum in Africa in exchange for slaves, which was exchanged for molasses in the sugar islands, which was then distilled in New England to make more rum

  1. Distilling rum, Beaver furs, Carpentry, Shipbuilding,

  2. Americans demanded British products, but the British population could not absorb many more of the Colonial products, so the colonists traded with France and other European countries (tobacco) as well as the West Indies (food and forest products)

  1. eventually led to the Molasses Act (no trade with other countries) but then the colonists just smuggled things around the law, because the British were not enforcing it

  1. Religion

Church of England/Anglican Church officail religion of Georgia, North and South Carolina, Virginia, Maryland and part of New York

Come to colonies for religious freedom (Puritans, Separatists, Presbyterians, Jewish, Quakers etc.)

Congregational Church of New England (except Rhode Island)

Sedition from the pulpits, politics


1st Great Awakening

Schools for Religion

1. William and Mary,

Outline Unit IV – Question 3

  1. Highways

  1. Lancaster Turnpike


  1. Attracted a rich trade to Philadelphia

  2. Stimulated western development

  1. National Road, Cumberland Road

  1. from Cumberland, Maryland to Vandalia, Illinois (591 miles)

  1. Steamboats

  1. Invented by Robert Fulton

  2. Defy wind wave, tide, and downstream current

  1. Rivers become two way arteries = double carrying capacity, crops move up the river

  1. By 1820 = 60 steamboats on Mississippi River, by 1860 = 1,000

  2. Population clusters around the rivers

  3. Stimulated western development

  4. Ship crops from the south, and industrial products from the north cheaper and faster

  5. Canals

  1. Erie Canal links Great Lakes with the Hudson River (363 miles)

  2. New cities (Rochester and Syracuse)

  3. New reachable land = more farms = cheaper crops

E. Binds West and South together

F. Grain shipments of Buffalo are more than in New Orleans



III. Railroads

  1. Cheaper to build than canals, can go anywhere at anytime (not frozen like canals)

  2. Sparked industry to manufacture breaks, gauges, and safety devices, as well as Pullman “sleeping carts”

  3. The great railroad race

  4. Fast, cheap, monopolies, trusts, Vanderbilt

  5. Stimulated western development

  6. Less traffic on the rivers

G. Creates the Pony Express




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