1. ap united States History Review frqs

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1.AP United States History Review FRQs

  1. “Geography was the primary factor in shaping the development of the British colonies in North America.” Assess the validity of this statement for the 1600s. (2005B)

  2. Compare the ways in which religion shaped the development of colonial society (to 1740) in TWO of the following regions: (2002)

    1. New England

    2. Chesapeake

    3. Middle Atlantic

  3. For the period before 1750, analyze the ways in which Britain’s policy of salutary neglect influenced the development of American society as illustrated in the following. (1995)

    1. Legislative assemblies

    2. Commerce

    3. Religion

  1. How did economic, geographic and social factors encourage the growth of slavery as an important part of the economy of the southern colonies between 1607 and 1775? (2001)

  2. The French and Indian War (1754-1763) altered the relationship between Britain and its North American colonies. Assess this change with regard to TWO of the following in the period between 1763 and 1775. (2007B)

      1. Land acquisition

      2. Politics

      3. Economics

  3. Analyze the ways in which British imperial policies between 1763 and 1776 intensified colonials’ resistance to British rule and their commitment to republican values. (2009)

  4. Evaluate the relative importance of the following as factors prompting Americans to rebel in 1776: (1992)

    1. parliamentary taxation

    2. restriction of civil liberties

    3. British military measures

    4. the legacy of colonial religious and political ideas

  1. Analyze the degree to which the Articles of Confederation provided an effective form of government with respect to any TWO of the following. (1996)

    1. Foreign relations

    2. Economic conditions

    3. Western lands

  1. Evaluate the extent to which the Articles of Confederation were effective in solving the problems that confronted the new nation.(2003)

  1. To what extent was the United States Constitution a radical departure from the Articles of Confederation? (2005)

  2. Analyze the reasons for the Anti-Federalists’ opposition to ratifying the Constitution. (2008B)

  3. The United States Constitution of 1787 represented an economic and ideological victory for the traditional American political elite.” Assess the validity of this statement for the period 1781 to 1789. (2006B)

  4. Analyze how the ideas and experiences of the revolutionary era influenced the principles embodied in the Articles of Confederation. (2009B)

  5. Evaluate the relative importance of domestic and foreign affairs in shaping American politics in the 1790's. (1994)

  6. Settlers in the 18th century American backcountry sometimes resorted to violent protest to express their grievances. Analyze the causes and significance of TWO of the following: (2007)

    1. March of the Paxton Boys

    2. Shay’s Rebellion

    3. Whiskey Rebellion

  7. Analyze the contributions of TWO of the following in helping establish a stable government after the adoption of the Constitution. (2002)

    1. John Adams

    2. Thomas Jefferson

    3. George Washington

  8. Analyze the extent to which TWO of the following influenced the development of democracy between 1820 and 1840. (1996)

    1. Jacksonian economic policy

    2. Changes in electoral politics

    3. Second Great Awakening

    4. Westward movement

  1. The Jacksonian Period (1824-1848) has been celebrated as the era of the “common man.” To what extent did the period live up to its characterization? Consider TWO of the following in your response. (2001)

    1. Economic development

    2. Politics

    3. Reform movements

  2. Analyze the social, political, and economic forces of the 1840s and early 1850s that led to the emergence of the Republican Party. (2009)

  3. Discuss the impact of territorial expansion on national unity between 1800 and 1850. (1997)

  4. Compare the expansionist foreign policies of Presidents Thomas Jefferson and James K. Polk. To what extent did their policies strengthen the United States? (1993)

  5. Analyze the effectiveness of political compromise in reducing sectional tensions in the period 1820 to 1861. (2004)

  6. Assess the moral arguments and political actions of those opposed to the spread of slavery in the context of TWO of the following. (2000)

    1. Missouri Compromise

    2. Mexican War

    3. Compromise of 1850

    4. Kansas-Nebraska Act

  7. For whom and to what extent was the American West a land of opportunity from 1865 to 1890? (2006B)

  8. Explain why and how the role of the federal government changed as a result of the Civil War with respect to TWO of the following during the period 1861-1877: (2006)

    1. Race relations

    2. Economic development

    3. Westward Expansion

  9. Explain how TWO of the following individuals responded to the economic and social problems created by industrialization during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. (2007B)

2.Jane Addams

3.Andrew Carnegie

4.Samuel Gompers

Upton Sinclair

  1. How successful were progressive reforms during the period 1890 to 1915 with respect to TWO of the following? (2005)

Industrial conditions

Urban life


  1. To what extent did the role of the federal government change under President Theodore Roosevelt in regard to TWO of the following: (2007)




World Affairs

  1. Analyze the extent to which the Spanish-American War was a turning point in American foreign policy. (2008B)

  2. Analyze the ways in which the federal government sought support on the home front for the war effort during the First World War. (2007B)

  3. Historians have argued that Progressive reform lost momentum in the 1920s. Evaluate this statement with respect to TWO of the following: (2006)

    1. Regulation of business

    2. Labor

    3. Immigrants

  4. In 1945 Winston Churchill said that the United States stood at the summit of the world. Discuss the developments in the thirty years following Churchill’s speech which called the global preeminence of the United States into question. (1992)

  5. Analyze the influence of TWO of the following on American-Soviet relations in the decade following the Second World War. (1996)

Yalta Conference

Communist revolution in China

Korean War


  1. Compare and contrast United States foreign policy after the First World War and after the Second World War. Consider the periods 1919-1928 and 1945-1950. (2002)

  2. Analyze the home-front experiences of TWO of the following groups during the Second World War: (2009)

5.African Americans

6.Japanese Americans

7.Jewish Americans

8.Mexican Americans

  1. Presidential elections between 1928 and 1948 revealed major shifts in political party loyalties. Analyze both the reasons for these changes and their consequences during this period. (2008)

  2. Assess the success of the United States policy of containment in Asia between 1945 and 1975. (1999)

  3. How did the African-American Civil Rights movement of the 1950’s and 1960’s address the failures of Reconstruction? (2002)

  4. In what ways did the Great Society resemble the New Deal in its origins, goals, and social and political legacy? Cite specific programs and policies in support of your arguments. (1992)

  5. “1968 was a turning point for the United States.” To what extent is this an accurate statement? In your answer, discuss TWO of the following: (1998)

    1. National politics

    2. Vietnam War

    3. Civil Rights

  1. “Landslide presidential victories do not ensure continued political effectiveness or legislative success.” Assess the validity of this statement by comparing TWO of the following presidential administrations. (2007)

Franklin Roosevelt (1936)

Lyndon Johnson (1964)

Richard Nixon (1972)

Ronald Reagan (1984)

  1. Explain the origins of TWO of the following third parties and evaluate their impact on United States politics and national policies. (2009B)

The People’s Party (Populists), 1892

The Progressive Party (Bull Moose Party), 1912

The States’ Rights Party (Dixiecrats), 1948

The American Independent Party, 1968

  1. Analyze the extent to which TWO of the following transformed American society in the 1960’s and 1970’s.(2005)

    1. The Civil Rights Movement

    2. The Anti-War Movement

    3. The Women’s Movement

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