1 All of the following statements regarding racially-segregated schools are correct



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MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1) All of the following statements regarding racially-segregated schools are correct, except: 1) _______

A) Segregated schools mirror race- and class-based residential segregation.

B) Efforts to bring about racial desegregation or integration have been extremely slow in this country.

C) School districts try to send more experienced teachers to racially-segregated schools that are located in central cities because the administrators know that students in these settings need more specialized instruction and assistance than their counterparts in suburban schools.

D) Racially-segregated schools usually have high teacher-student ratios.


2) The fact that schools are not adequately preparing students for jobs and global competition is known as a ________ of education. 2) _______

A) latent function B) manifest function

C) dysfunction D) manifest goal
TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

3) Japan's education system is admired throughout the world, but it has problems that need to be resolved. 3) _______


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

4) All of the following statements regarding the hidden curriculum are correct, except: 4) _______

A) The hidden curriculum is composed of core courses that all students are required to take.

B) The hidden curriculum includes values and attitudes such as conformity and obedience to authority.

C) The hidden curriculum reflects the value system of the elites, not the masses.

D) The hidden curriculum is learned through implied demands in the everyday rules and routines of school.


5) According to the text, Latino/Latina students: 5) _______

A) are overrepresented in Head Start programs as compared with African American students.

B) find more role models and mentors in school than do African American students.

C) account for more than 34 percent of U.S. public school enrollment.

D) are more likely than white (Anglo) students to attend segregated schools.
6) In regard to the relationship between early immigration and education: 6) _______

A) Some immigrants were required to earn a high school diploma before they were granted citizenship in the United States.

B) Most immigrants arriving in the United States in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries could read and write.

C) The second half of the twentieth century experienced low immigration rates.

D) High rates of immigration in the nineteenth century brought about the free public school movement in the United States.
7) According to conflict analysts, college tuition in the United States: 7) _______

A) is regulated by capitalists who do not want poor students to attain a college degree and compete with their own children in the job market.

B) reproduces the existing class system.

C) could be reduced if more colleges and universities would create mega-lecture sections.

D) is a bargain for what students receive.
TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

8) The Bell Curve is supported by most other studies. 8) _______


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

9) Which of the following statements most accurately describes the effect that the hidden curriculum has on students in the United States? 9) _______

A) Middle- and upper-class students are more adversely affected by the hidden curriculum.

B) Working-class and poverty-level students are the most adversely affected by the hidden curriculum.

C) All students are equally affected by the hidden curriculum.

D) Researchers cannot determine which students are most adversely affected by the hidden curriculum.


10) Which of the following statements is correct regarding illiteracy? 10) ______

A) It's higher for whites.

B) Nearly half of the adult population in the United States is functionally illiterate when it comes to tasks such as filling out a bank deposit slip or understanding a bus schedule.

C) Illiterate people make up a visible minority in the United States.

D) It's higher for minority group members.
11) Functionalists believe that education: 11) ______

A) provides students with opportunities for personal fulfillment and upward social mobility.

B) contributes to the smooth functioning of society.

C) is one of the most important social institutions.

D) All of these are accurate.
TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

12) About 3 million felony and misdemeanor level crimes are committed annually in U.S. schools and approximately fifty students are killed on school grounds each year. 12) ______


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

13) The major manifest functions of education are: 13) ______

A) socialization and transmission of culture.

B) change and innovation.

C) social control and social placement.

D) All of the above are correct.


ESSAY. Write your answer in the space provided or on a separate sheet of paper.

14) Compare and contrast the educational problems of the Twenty-first Century to those in the past and present. What lessons, if any can be applied?


TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

15) National studies found little or no gender bias in academic performance among students in public schools. 15) ______


16) The self-fulfilling prophecy takes place when unsubstantiated/false beliefs lead to behavior that makes the original beliefs come true. 16) ______
ESSAY. Write your answer in the space provided or on a separate sheet of paper.

17) Describe problems in higher education, and explain how race, class, and gender affect people's opportunity to achieve a college education.


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

18) A voucher system: 18) ______

A) failed in the courts.

B) would give students and parents a specified sum of government money to purchase education at the school of their choice.

C) would enhance the role of the Department of Education, which would disperse the vouchers to students and their parents.

D) might enhance public education in the United States.


TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

19) Students from poor families drop out three to four times more than those from affluent families. 19) ______


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

20) The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 requires: 20) ______

A) Demonstrate yearly progress toward meeting academic standards and report results.

B) Schools that do not show adequate progress loose funding.

C) Create a set of standards for what children should learn in each grade and test every student's progress.

D) All of the above are correct.


ESSAY. Write your answer in the space provided or on a separate sheet of paper.

21) Discuss and explain trends in immigration and the problems faced by educational institutions in the U.S in relationship to high immigration rates.


TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

22) According to functionalists, one of the goals of education is teaching students about the democratic process. 22) ______


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

23) Which of the following is not one of the latent functions of education discussed in the text? 23) ______

A) controlling the flow of workers B) matchmaking

C) creation of social networks D) transmission of culture


ESSAY. Write your answer in the space provided or on a separate sheet of paper.

24) Discuss three of the major problems facing U.S. schools today. Explain functionalist, conflict and interactionist approaches and state how these approaches might be used to reduce the problems you chose to discuss.


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

25) All of the following statements regarding illiteracy in the United States are correct, except: 25) ______

A) Social analysts agree that new technologies will make the problem of illiteracy obsolete early in the twenty-first century.

B) Many people who are functionally illiterate have graduated from high school.

C) The primary solution has been to raise standards.

D) Nearly half the U.S. adult population is illiterate.


26) All of the following were identified as forms of gender bias by the American Association of University Women's study on education, except: 26) ______

A) Teachers harm girls' self-esteem and make them more self-conscious than boys by routinely calling on girls to participate in demonstrations and experiments.

B) Teachers tend to gear activities toward boys more than girls in hopes of maintaining discipline in the classroom.

C) Teachers pay less attention to girls than boys.

D) Teachers encourage boys more than girls to be problem solvers.
ESSAY. Write your answer in the space provided or on a separate sheet of paper.

27) Distinguish between these concepts and explain what effect they may have on students' academic achievement: tracking, the hidden curriculum, functional illiteracy, and meritocracy.


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

28) Conflict theorists believe that education: 28) ______

A) should prepare students more adequately for jobs and global competition.

B) perpetuates inequalities based on race, class, and gender.

C) serves important functions in society.

D) often becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy for students.


29) According to the text, affirmative action policies in colleges and universities: 29) ______

A) are sure to continue in the future because of the underrepresentation of people of color in higher education.

B) are in legal battles.

C) constitute a form of reverse discrimination because some minority students have been admitted with lower test scores and grade point averages than white students who were denied admission.

D) All of these are accurate.
TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

30) As of 1993, the U.S. Department of Education concluded that half of the adult population (95 million people) in America is functionally illiterate. 30) ______


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

31) In Brown v. The Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, the Supreme Court ruled that: 31) ______

A) affirmative action is necessary to end racial-ethnic segregation in U.S. public schools.

B) bilingual education must be offered in any school where more than 25 percent of the student body speak a language other than English.

C) separate but equal schools are unconstitutional because they are inherently unequal.

D) school busing to achieve racial-ethnic integration should be abolished because remedial efforts are no longer necessary.


32) According to interactionists, IQ (Intelligence Quotient) tests: 32) ______

A) strengthen students' feelings of self-esteem.

B) tend to disadvantage racial, ethnic, and language minorities in the United States.

C) provide an accurate measure of how well students are doing in school.

D) advantage African-American students more than others.
TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

33) Kozol argued that U.S. illiteracy is home grown. 33) ______


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

34) All of the following statements regarding education in the United States are correct, except: 34) ______

A) Most business and political leaders believe that U.S. schools give taxpayers their money's worth because they serve as babysitting services, as well as educational institutions, while most parents work.

B) Conflict theorists believe that schools perpetuate inequality.

C) Tracking in U.S. schools can have a positive effect on some students while, at the same time, it has a negative impact on others.

D) A wide gap exists between the ideals of U.S. education and the realities of daily life in many schools.


TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

35) One of the roles that schools play in the U.S. economy is providing graduates with the appropriate credentials for entering the paid labor force. 35) ______


36) Tracking refers to the institutional practice of assigning students to educational programs or courses based on the individual student's test scores and/or grades. 36) ______
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

37) In regard to school financing, ________ pay(s) for the bulk of public education in the United States. 37) ______

A) the U.S. Congress

B) parents

C) the U.S. Department of Education

D) state and local governments


TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

38) IQ tests have been used throughout the twentieth-century to stigmatize members of diverse racial and ethnic groups as less intelligent. 38) ______


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

39) James is an elementary school teacher who believes that boys are better at math than girls. When James teaches math, he tends to answer questions for male students while dismissing or belittling girls who ask questions. Subsequently boys in his class tend to receive higher test scores than girls, which reinforces the belief that boys are better at math than girls. This is an example of the: 39) ______

A) Self realization B) Standardized testing

C) Symbolic education D) Self-fulfilling prophecy


TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

40) Channel One is criticized for its commercialism. 40) ______


MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

41) All of the following statements regarding recent immigrants and education are correct, except: 41) ______

A) Most recent immigrants rely on public schools to educate their children.

B) A lack of consensus exists among educators regarding how effective newcomer and bilingual education programs are for children of recent immigrants.

C) In some cases, Asian American parents have established their own weekend schools for children, similar to those in Japan or other Asian nations.

D) Recent immigrants are rapidly integrating into the mainstream of public education.


TRUE/FALSE. Write 'T' if the statement is true and 'F' if the statement is false.

42) The education gap appears to be narrowing between whites and African Americans. 42) ______


43) Schools for middle-class children emphasize procedures and rote memorization. 43) ______
MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

44) In regard to special-education classes: 44) ______

A) most educators are required to give students a battery of tests to determine that students' problems in school are not related to cultural or language differences.

B) about 25 percent of special-education students are African Americans.

C) nearly 75 percent of special-education students are girls.

D) student placement in special education classes is unrelated to the student's IQ scores.


45) Social assets that children gain from their home life and bring with them to the classroom are: 45) ______

A) referred to as cultural capital. B) natural skills.



C) hidden curriculum. D) proof of inequality


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